Sesame is the perfect crop to help farmers in northern Tanzania change their lives. Kajimbwa, E. Ndedya, L. Kinyunyu, H. Hamza, and A. Mwijage Frost conditions, heavy rains or prolonged drought are not good for sesame cultivation. Seed production and certification in Tanzania is governed by the Seed Production Act 2003, amended in 2007, and administered by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security, and Cooperatives. Prospecting for new growing space is … Comments powered by … For commercial production, add 10-12 kg urea and 40-50 kg super phosphate per acre. Seeds that are off-size or immature are separately used for sesame oil production. KS-S6 variety of sesame gives an average yield of 2.5-3.0 tons per acre and has a high poding ability making it tolerant to rust and shootfly. THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY DEPARTMENT OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT Farmer seed experts and their knowledge on seeds, forest food products and medicinal plants By O.K.K. The Compounded Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) in the world area and world production of sesame seed during 2001-2016 periods was 6.43% and 6.62% respectively. It is drought tolerant, unlike maize and many of the other traditional crops in the region. One adverse effect of higher N application rates is the reduction of sesame seed oil content (Figure 2). It also has many uses in food, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals - creating a high demand both locally and internationally. Although India and China are the top sesame producing countries in the world, the most productive sesame farms are located in Greece where 0.69 tons per hectare of sesame production was recorded in 2013. During the same period, sesame yield on an average increased by 2.09 percent per annum (Fig 1). And apply MOP if deficiency observed. The introduction of the nonshattering characteristic into high-yielding, normally shattering varieties carried with it a reduction in yield and/or seed quality. The local sesame varieties are branched and drought resistant but have a low yielding capacity and are susceptible to most diseases.KS-S6 variety can be grown from 200-1000 masl, gives an average yield … A verage world sesame production is about 340 kg per hectare, but up to 2250 kg per hectare has been obtained using advanced crop practices ( Brigham, 1985, 1987 ). If you are trying to produce 1,500 pounds per acre sesame you will likely need 80 to 100 pounds per acre. Sesame yields in test plots average 1,000 to 1,500 lb/acre, though as much as 2,300 lb/acre have been produced under irrigation in California. This translates to an average per hectare yield of 540 kg during the same period. Figure 3.1.3: Production of Sorghum by Region in Tanzania Mainland, 2016/17 AASS.. 28 vi Figure 3.1.4(a): Wheat Production and Yield by Region in Tanzania Mainland, 2016/17 The sesame is a tropical crop that requires hot conditions during the growth period. Climate Requirements for Growing Sesame. However, if your historic production is 800 to 1,000 pounds per acre a N recommendation of 40 to 60 pounds of N per acre seems appropriate. Production And Import Of Sesame. Mr Juma Nassoro, also from Manyoni, said: “With at least 340 kilos of sesame I harvest per acre, my income has risen. I have also bought a processing machine and got a building plot in Dodoma.” “Sesame is increasingly becoming a popular and profitable cash crop,” noted Ms Angelina Boniface from Manyoni in Singida. Commercial yields are usually lower. There are currently 20 registered entities in Tanzania whose work is being monitored by TOSCI (Tanzania Official Seed Multiplication Institute). 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